In the 1960s and 1970s, industrial agriculture pushed farmers to become big or get out of the business. Now, things are changing. People realise the harm chemicals in food can cause to our health. So, more people are now moving towards organic farming. Here are the major reasons for supporting organic farming.
1. Climate Change
Organic farming can provide a solution to climate change. The conventional farming system relied on off-farm inputs that required huge amounts of fossil fuels to mine, transport, add fertiliser and pesticides. These activities released to greenhouse gases. Organic farming systems don’t use synthetic fertilisers, so no greenhouse gas is emitted. When this farming is joined by local production, the carbon footprint is further reduced as there is no need for long distance shipping.
2. Food Security
Due to climate change, there is a drastic shift in precipitation and temperature. Violent storms are a threat to the agricultural production. Organic fields have improved hydrology; they are better equipped to hold, store and use water. Organic fields produce higher yields than conventional fields.
Everything in this ecosystem is connected. We should take decisions carefully; else our decisions might affect other living things. It is important to protect biological diversity. Loss of biodiversity causes a threat to food security. Our cities now hardly have any land available for agricultural purposes. Due to commotion nearby, the crops experience ecological collapse. Organic farmers are cautious about biodiversity.
Pesticides used in agriculture are toxic to the health of humans and animals. By consuming organic food, we can promote good health.
All these reasons are very serious, and so people are now supporting organic farming for their benefit and for getting a sustainable environment to live in.
The business of food is all about profit. Most people involved in agribusiness are less cautious about the health of their consumers. The conventional foods have various health effects on reasons why you should consume organic food.
1. No GMOs
Genetically modified organisms (GMO) are a mutation of real food. Genes from one species are placed into another in this case. Animal genes are inserted into plants, and plant genes are added to animals. This is something that doesn’t happen naturally. This food can cause serious health problems. Organic foods are GMOs free.
2. Better nutrition
All nutrients that you need cannot be replaced by artificially produced fertilisers. It is not true that bigger produce will give you better health. Organic food is more nutritious and tastes better.
3. No pesticides or herbicides
Pesticides and herbicides are poisonous. The conventional method of farming uses lots of these. These can damage your nervous system. In the case of organic food production, foods are grown naturally without the use of pesticides and herbicides.
4. Better quality meat and dairy
The meat and dairy you buy from supermarkets are loaded with antibiotics and other drugs. Animals are treated harshly to get meat and dairy. You should eat organic and free range meats. These are better for your health.
5. Less Chance of Food-Related Diseases
Many food-related diseases are reported recently. These outbreaks are directly related to the agricultural practice. By consuming organic foods, you will protect yourself from these diseases.
In many supermarkets today organic products are sold. Many people tend to avoid buying those because of the high cost. But you should be concerned about your health more than your money and buy organic foods.
Certified organic foods are more expensive than the non-organic ones. This is mainly because it is expensive to produce them with ecological and social factors in mind. Following are the reasons why organic foods are more expensive.
In conventional farming, chemicals and pesticides are used to reduce the cost of production by getting the job done quickly. Organic farmers have to hire more workers to do the tasks faster. They do hand-weeding, clean-up of polluted water, etc. that increases the labour cost.
Demand is more than the supply
The retail sales of organic foods have become more. Many people now prefer organic foods over non-organic foods. But there is not enough organic farmland available to meet the demand. Organic farms produce less than the conventional firms. So, the cost is high.
Higher cost of fertiliser
Conventional farmers use chemical fertilisers and sewage sludge for farming. These are less costly. Organic farmers don’t use these. They use compost and animal manure which are expensive to ship.
Organic farmers don’t use chemical weed killers. They conduct crop rotations for keeping their crops healthy and preventing weed growth. This way smaller volumes of crops are produced compared to the conventional method.
The post-harvesting costs of organic foods are also high. Organic farmers don’t use synthetic pesticides or fertilisers. Natural farming practices require additional costs. Natural farming prevents pests and diseases and so the foods produced are healthy. For these reasons, organic foods cost more than conventional foods.…